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Derris Indica –A Viable Alternative?
 
As the biodiesel industry grows, honing a costeffective and diverse feedstock supply stands out as a top challenge. There is a need to diversify the sources and methods used to generate biofuel products to achieve food security, energy security and sustainable development and carbon savings. Biodiesel producers are looking for alternative feedstocks which are non- agricultural and nonfood crops. And D. Indica has the ability to substitute the requirement of low cost feedstock with the potential for high oil seed production and the added benefit of an ability to grow on marginal land. These properties support the suitability of this plant for large scale vegetable oil production needed for a sustainable biodiesel industry.

Here, the key question is: Will it be possible to establish the right cultivation and processing methods so that the Derris indica plant can produce a high-quality fuel which can compete with petrochemical diesel in terms of price? After all, one key element that makes all the difference between success and failure is the cost factor—in other words,

THE POTENTIAL RETURNS
 
we are not in favor of the implementation of a high-tech agrarian concept that warrants for maximum input and delivers bumper crops. Contrary, we are looking for a practicable type of cultivation that is compatible with the routines and possibilities of local farmers, so that the Derris indica plantations can be profitable for the rural cultivators with a minimum input of men, money and materials.

The CJP experts working on the Derris indica plantation have developed the best method of cultivating these plants, which require the lowest possible investment of money, labor and materials.
 
 
Yield is a function of light, water, nutrients and the age of the Plant. Good planning, quality planting material, standardized agronomy practices and good crop management may handsomely increase the yields.

Derris Indica will yield at Maturity as high as 1000 gallon oil per ha which shall reached as high as 3400 gallon in 15th year with proper nutrition, and irrigation. This is truly an exceptional amount of oil from an agricultural crop.

Table 1: Yield Estimates: Derris Indica
 
Approximate Yield/hectare @625 trees/hectare (estimates)*
Optimal yield 4 year 7 year 10 year 15 year
Seed in Shell (Yield) ton 6.8 20.3 34 68
Seed (46% of Yield) ton 3.125 9.375 15.625 31.25
oil (36% of seed) ton 1.125 3.375 5.625 11.25
Meal 1.906 5.719 9.531 19.063
Protein 0.953 2.859 4.766 9.531
Starch 0.953 2.859 4.766 9.531
 
Table 2: ECONOMIC: D.INDICA: 10,000 HA
 
ECONOMICS : Derris Indica 10,000 ha at a glance
Year 4 7 10 15
SALES        
Biodiesel $8,437,500 $25,312,500 $42,187,500 $84,375,000
Glycerol $843,750 $2,531,250 $4,218,750 $8,437,500
Intercrop $600,000 $600,000 $600,000 $600,000
Press cake $953,125 $2,859,375 $4,765,625 $9,531,250
CER‐Revenue
(Biodiesel)
$112,500 $337,500 $562,500 $1,125,000
CER‐ Revenue
(Plantation)
$200,000 $200,000 $200,000 $200,000
Total Sales $11,146,875 $31,840,625 $52,534,375 $104,268,750
COGS
Cropcare & harvesting $1,550,000 $2,450,000 $2,450,000 $7,000,000
Oil extraction $405,000 $1,215,000 $2,025,000 $4,050,000
BIODIESEL $1,575,000 $4,725,000 $7,875,000 $15,750,000
TOTAL $3,530,000 $8,390,000 $13,650,000 $26,800,000
PBT $7,616,875 $23,450,625 $38,884,375 $77,468,750
TAX $2,285,063 $7,035,188 $11,665,313 $23,240,625
NET $5,331,813 $16,415,438 $27,219,063 $54,228,125
 
   
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